What are the types of bone tumors?
If you suspect your child has a bone tumor, or your primary care doctor refers you to the Orthopedic Tumor Program at Children’s Hospital Colorado, our first step is to determine if the tumor is benign (a non-cancerous bone tumor that does not spread) or malignant (cancerous).
Malignant bone tumors and bone cancer
Among young patients, the two most common types of bone cancer are:
- Osteosarcoma: Most commonly found in the bones around the knee.
- Ewing's sarcoma: More common in the upper leg, pelvis and other bones of the trunk.
Both osteosarcoma and Ewing's sarcoma usually begin during the young teenage years. Learn more about how we treat osteosarcoma and Ewing's sarcoma.
Benign bone tumors
Benign (non-cancerous) bone tumors are commonly found on x-rays when a child is being examined for another reason. Symptoms of a benign bone tumor include a slow growing bump, pain, or may be found when your child has a fracture through a bone weakened by a bone cyst. In some families, there may be a history of benign bone tumors.