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Clubfoot: Overview

What is clubfoot?

Clubfoot is a deformity of the foot. A child with clubfoot has an abnormally positioned foot that causes him or her to turn the ankle inward and walk on the toe and outside edge of the foot.

The word “club” is sometimes used to describe the appearance of the foot.

Who gets clubfoot?

Clubfoot occurs in 1 in 1,000 births, equally in males and females. In half of the cases, both feet are affected. When this happens, one foot is usually affected more than the other.

Clubfeet can run in families and multiple family members can be affected.

What are the types of clubfeet?

In the majority of cases, the cause of clubfoot is unknown. This is called “idiopathic clubfeet.”

Less commonly, the foot deformity is associated with other diseases. These can include neurologic disorders, connective disorders, genetic disorders and skeletal dysplasias (dwarfing conditions). These types of clubfeet can be more difficult to treat.

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